The LMIA process is different depending on whether the targeted employee is classified as “high-wage” or “low-wage”. Temporary foreign workers being paid under the provincial/territorial median wage are considered low-wage, while those being paid at or above are considered high-wage.
Employers seeking to hire high-wage workers must submit transition plans along with their LMIA application to ensure that they are taking steps to reduce their reliance on temporary foreign workers over time.
Median Hourly Wages by Province/Territory
|Province/Territory||Wage ($/hr) as of May 11, 2020|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||$23.00|
|Prince Edward Island||$20.00|
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2017 and 2018
Employers seeking to hire low-wage workers do not need to submit transition plans with their Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). They must, however, follow a different set of guidelines.
Employers offering a wage that is below the provincial/territorial median hourly wage must:
- pay for round-trip transportation for the temporary foreign worker;
- ensure affordable housing is available;
- pay for private health insurance until workers are eligible for provincial health coverage;
- register the temporary foreign worker with the provincial/territorial workplace safety board; and
- provide an employer-employee contract.
Expediting a LMIA
According to the IRCC website, LMIAs will be provided within a 10-business-day service standard for workers in the following occupational categories:
The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to skilled trades positions where the wage offered is at or above the provincial/territorial median wage. These positions are essential to the development of major infrastructure and natural resource extraction projects, and are therefore considered vital to Canadian economic growth.
List of skilled trades eligible for 10-day speed of service：
|NOC 2006||NOC 2011||Occupation title|
|7212||7202||Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations|
|7215||7204||Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades|
|7219||7205||Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers|
|7216||7301||Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades|
|7217||7302||Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews|
|8211||8211||Supervisors, logging and forestry|
|8221||8221||Supervisors, mining and quarrying|
|8222||8222||Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services|
|8241||8241||Logging machinery operators|
|8252 / 8253||8252||Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers|
|9211||9211||Supervisors, mineral and metal processing|
|9212||9212||Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities|
|9214||9214||Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing|
|9231||9231||Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing|
|7351 / 7352||9241||Power engineers and power systems operators|
|9424||9243||Water and waste treatment plant operators|
|7231||7231||Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors|
|7261||7233||Sheet metal workers|
|7263||7235||Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters|
|7265||7237||Welders and related machine operators|
|7241||7241||Electricians (except industrial and power system)|
|7243||7243||Power system electricians|
|7244||7244||Electrical power line and cable workers|
|7245||7245||Telecommunications line and cable workers|
|7246||7246||Telecommunications installation and repair workers|
|7252||7252||Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers|
|7311 / 7317||7311||Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics|
|7312||7312||Heavy-duty equipment mechanics|
|7313||7313||Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics|
|7315||7315||Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors|
|7318||7318||Elevator constructors and mechanics|
|7372||7372||Drillers and blasters– surface, mining, quarrying and construction|
|7373||7373||Water well drillers|
|8231||8231||Underground production and development miners|
|8232||8232||Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers|
|9232||9232||Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators|
The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to employers hiring temporary foreign workers in the highest-paid occupations that offer wages in the top 10 percent of wages earned by Canadians in a given province or territory where the job is located. This wage level indicates that a temporary foreign worker is the highest-skilled in their occupation, and that those skills are difficult to find in the Canadian labour market.
Top 10% wage earners eligible for 10-day speed of service：
|Province/Territory||Hourly wages prior to May 11, 2020||Hourly wages effective May 11, 2020|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||$43.96||$45.00|
|Prince Edward Island||$37.50||$38.46|
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2018 and 2019
The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to employers requesting temporary foreign workers for a short duration, defined as 120 calendar days or less, in any occupation where the wage offered is at or above the provincial or territorial median wage. Positions falling under this category include those related to repairs or manufacturing equipment and warranty work.
The job offer is to support a skilled worker’s application for permanent residence under one of the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s Express Entry eligible programs.