Regular LMIA

LMIA Work Permit Work

The LMIA process is different depending on whether the targeted employee is classified as “high-wage” or “low-wage”. Temporary foreign workers being paid under the provincial/territorial median wage are considered low-wage, while those being paid at or above are considered high-wage. 

High-Wage Workers

Employers seeking to hire high-wage workers must submit transition plans along with their LMIA application to ensure that they are taking steps to reduce their reliance on temporary foreign workers over time.

Median Hourly Wages by Province/Territory
Province/TerritoryWage ($/hr) as of May 11, 2020
British Columbia$25.00
New Brunswick$20.12
Newfoundland and Labrador$23.00
Northwest Territories$34.36
Nova Scotia$20.00
Prince Edward Island$20.00

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2017 and 2018

Low-Wage Workers

Employers seeking to hire low-wage workers do not need to submit transition plans with their Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). They must, however, follow a different set of guidelines.

Employers offering a wage that is below the provincial/territorial median hourly wage must:

  • pay for round-trip transportation for the temporary foreign worker;
  • ensure affordable housing is available;
  • pay for private health insurance until workers are eligible for provincial health coverage;
  • register the temporary foreign worker with the provincial/territorial workplace safety board; and
  • provide an employer-employee contract.
Expediting a LMIA

According to the IRCC website, LMIAs will be provided within a 10-business-day service standard for workers in the following occupational categories:

Highest-demand occupations

The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to skilled trades positions where the wage offered is at or above the provincial/territorial median wage. These positions are essential to the development of major infrastructure and natural resource extraction projects, and are therefore considered vital to Canadian economic growth.

List of skilled trades eligible for 10-day speed of service:

NOC 2006NOC 2011Occupation title
72127202Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
72157204Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
72197205Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
72167301Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
72177302Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
82118211Supervisors, logging and forestry
82218221Supervisors, mining and quarrying
82228222Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services
82418241Logging machinery operators
8252 / 82538252Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
92119211Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
92129212Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
92149214Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
92319231Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
7351 / 73529241Power engineers and power systems operators
94249243Water and waste treatment plant operators
72317231Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
72617233Sheet metal workers
72637235Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters
72657237Welders and related machine operators
72417241Electricians (except industrial and power system)
72427242Industrial electricians
72437243Power system electricians
72447244Electrical power line and cable workers
72457245Telecommunications line and cable workers
72467246Telecommunications installation and repair workers
72527252Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
72537253Gas fitters
7311 / 73177311Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
73127312Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
73137313Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
73147314Railway carmen/women
73157315Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
73187318Elevator constructors and mechanics
73717371Crane operators
73727372Drillers and blasters– surface, mining, quarrying and construction
73737373Water well drillers
82318231Underground production and development miners
82328232Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
92329232Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators

Highest-paid occupations ­

The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to employers hiring temporary foreign workers in the highest-paid occupations that offer wages in the top 10 percent of wages earned by Canadians in a given province or territory where the job is located. This wage level indicates that a temporary foreign worker is the highest-skilled in their occupation, and that those skills are difficult to find in the Canadian labour market.

Top 10% wage earners eligible for 10-day speed of service:

Province/TerritoryHourly wages prior to May 11, 2020 Hourly wages effective May 11, 2020
British Columbia$44.00$45.00
New Brunswick$39.00$39.90
Newfoundland and Labrador$43.96$45.00
Northwest Territories$58.60$59.52
Nova Scotia$40.87$40.87
Prince Edward Island$37.50$38.46

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2018 and 2019

Shortest-duration occupations

The 10-day service standard for this category is limited to employers requesting temporary foreign workers for a short duration, defined as 120 calendar days or less, in any occupation where the wage offered is at or above the provincial or territorial median wage. Positions falling under this category include those related to repairs or manufacturing equipment and warranty work.

Express entry

The job offer is to support a skilled worker’s application for permanent residence under one of the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s Express Entry eligible programs.

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